The main spieces include hollies, arbutus, schinus, maples, wild pear trees, etc. From 700-800 m. to 1,700-1,800 m. is the zone of mountain conifers, the black pine (pinus nigra), the fir and the cedar being the predominant species. Higher, up to 2,000 m., extends the so-called subalpine zone, where only a few firs and black pines grow and the ground is covered with perennial dwarfish plants and small shrubs. Above 2,000 m is the alpine zone, where there are no trees at all and only dwarfish perennial plants grow between the rocks and the rocky meadows. In Taygetos there is also the so-called «no–zone» vegetation of the ravines.
The predominant species of this type of vegetation is the plane tree (platanus orientalis), which grows on the banks of streams and in ravines, regardless of altitude. The flora of Taygetos is extremely rich and includes more than 1,000 species of plants. Of these, 33 are endemic to the region and 100 are endemic to Greece. However, there are species that, without being endemic, are very rare in Greece and Europe and have Asian origins. The aquilegia ottonis ssp. Taygeta, the astralagus taygeteus, the jurinea taygetea, the campanula topoliana ssp. Tordifolia and the hypericum taygeteum. There are also many orchids, crocuses and bellflowers.